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P l a n t i n g - P l a n s


Plant Compositions

“Harmony” derives from the Greek "harmonia" meaning "joining together" and is generally associated in arts and design with terms like concord and symmetry. It originates from the right ratio of proportion, color and form. The concept of harmony can be applied to the arts of painting and music, but also transferred to the design of plant compositions in gardening and landscape architecture. In garden design it is extremely important, in addition to having a sense of colors and shapes, to develop a special knowledge of flowering time and plant physiological characteristics, such as habitat requirements and nutritional needs. A garden image, composed by plants, is similar to a painting, though with the difference that its appearance changes consistently during the seasons. Therefore, it is in this sense a kind of dynamic three-dimensional painting. The basic principles of possible combinations of  woody plants are similar to those of perennials, grasses and ferns. It is not always the color that is desired. Especially in the context of modern architecture, structures and textures that are exclusively composed in the green spectrum can be the essential design elements. Quite often particularly attractive plantings consist of only two or three basic colors. Thus, colors that are opposite on the color wheel, the so-called complementary colors, can result in highly contrasting compositions, whereas color schemes that are based on a triad appear more colorful, but also more balanced. Particularly appealing effects can be achieved with "tone in tone" plantings. Thereby one color tone takes on the guiding function, with all singular parts subordinated to it. In particular, special effects can be unfolded by winter-flowering plants, since the eye of the beholder is extremely grateful in the bleak winter season for every spot of color.